Category: Ansible

How to Power Up or Power Down multiple instances in OCI using CLI with Ansible

 This assume you have already configured the OCI cli and added your key to the user inside the OCI interface so your Ubuntu or Jump box can connect to your OCI infrastructure
 Ansible
 Role to control power up/down instances using the OCI CLI
 This assume you already have ansible setup
 You will need to install the ansible oci collections

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Now the reason why you would probably want this is over terraform is because terraform is more suited for infrastructure orchestration and not really suited to deal with the instances once they are up and running.

If you have scaled servers out in OCI powering servers up and down in bulk currently is not available. If you are doing a migration or using a staging environment that you need need to use the machine when building or doing troubleshooting.

Then having a way to power up/down multiple machines at once is convenient.

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Install the OCI collections if you don’t have it already.

Linux/macOS

curl -L https://raw.githubusercontent.com/oracle/oci-ansible-collection/master/scripts/install.sh | bash -s — —verbose

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ansible-galaxy collection list – Will list the collections installed

# /path/to/ansible/collections

Collection Version

——————- ——-

amazon.aws 1.4.0

ansible.builtin 1.3.0

ansible.posix 1.3.0

oracle.oci 2.10.0

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Once you have it installed you need to test the OCI client is working

oci iam compartment list –all (this will list out the compartment ID list for your instances.

Compartments in OCI are a way to organise infrastructure and control access to those resources. This is great for if you have contractors coming and you only want them to have access to certain things not everything.

Now there are two ways you can your instance names.

 One logging in via the OCI interface and going the correct compartment, which is very slow and mind numbing to wait for.
 Or you can use automated approaches which is what you should be doing with everything you do that needs to be done over and over.

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Bash Script to get the instances names from OCI

 This will use the OCI CLI and provide all instances name and ips
 It loops through each availability domain.
 for each availability domain, it lists the instance IDs and writes them to instance_ids.txt.
 It cleans up the instance_ids.txt file to remove brackets, quotes, and commas.
 It reads each instance ID from instance_ids.txt.
 For each instance, it retrieves the VNIC information.
 It extracts the display name, public IP, and private IP, and prints them.
 The script ends the loop and moves to the next availability domain.

compartment_id=ocid1.compartment.oc1..insert compartment ID here

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# Explicitly define the availability domains based on your provided data

availability_domains=(“zcLB:US-CHICAGO-1-AD-1” “zcLB:US-CHICAGO-1-AD-2” “zcLB:US-CHICAGO-1-AD-3”)

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# For each availability domain, list the instances

for ad in “${availability_domains[@]}”; do

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    # List instances within the specific AD and compartment, extracting the “id” field

    oci compute instance list –compartment-id $compartment_id –availability-domain $ad –query data[].id” –raw-output > instance_ids.txt

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    # Clean up the instance IDs (removing brackets, quotes, etc.)

    sed i ‘s/\[//g’ instance_ids.txt

    sed i ‘s/\]//g’ instance_ids.txt

    sed i ‘s/”//g’ instance_ids.txt

    sed i ‘s/,//g’ instance_ids.txt

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    # Read each instance ID from instance_ids.txt

    while read -r instance_id; do

        # Get instance VNIC information

        instance_info=$(oci compute instance list-vnics –instance-id $instance_id)

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        # Extract the required fields and print them

        display_name=$(echo $instance_info | jq -r ‘.data[0].”display-name”‘)

        public_ip=$(echo $instance_info | jq -r ‘.data[0].”public-ip“‘)

        private_ip=$(echo $instance_info | jq -r ‘.data[0].”private-ip“‘)

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        echo “Availability Domain: $ad

        echo “Display Name: $display_name

        echo “Public IP: $public_ip

        echo “Private IP: $private_ip

        echo “—————————————–“

    done < instance_ids.txt

done

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The output of the script when piped in to a file will look like

Instance.names

Availability Domain: zcLB:US-CHICAGO-1-AD-1

Display Name: Instance1

Public IP: 192.0.2.1

Private IP: 10.0.0.1

—————————————–

Availability Domain: zcLB:US-CHICAGO-1-AD-1

Display Name: Instance2

Public IP: 192.0.2.2

Private IP: 10.0.0.2

—————————————–

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You can now grep this file for the name of the servers you want to power on or off quickly

 grep instance.names | grep <Instance*>

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Now we have an ansible playbook that can power on or power off the instance by name provided by the OCI client

Ansible playbook to power on or off multiple instances via OCI CLI

name: Control OCI Instance Power State based on Instance Names

  hosts: localhost

  vars:

    instance_names_to_stop:

       instance1

      # Add more instance names here if you wish to stop them…

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    instance_names_to_start:

      # List the instance names you wish to start here…

      # Example:

       Instance2

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  tasks:

   name: Fetch all instance details in the compartment

    command:

      cmd: oci compute instance list –compartment-id ocid1.compartment.oc1..aaaaaaaak7jc7tn2su2oqzmrbujpr5wmnuucj4mwj4o4g7rqlzemy4yvxrza –output json

    register: oci_output

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   set_fact:

      instances: {{ oci_output.stdout | from_json }}”

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   name: Extract relevant information

    set_fact:

      clean_instances: {{ clean_instances | default([]) + [{ ‘name’: item[‘display-name’], ‘id’: item.id, ‘state’: item[‘lifecycle-state’] }] }}”

    loop: {{ instances.data }}”

    when: “‘display-name’ in item and ‘id’ in item and ‘lifecycle-state’ in item”

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   name: Filter out instances to stop

    set_fact:

      instances_to_stop: {{ instances_to_stop | default([]) + [item] }}”

    loop: {{ clean_instances }}”

    when: “item.name in instance_names_to_stop and item.state == ‘RUNNING'”

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   name: Filter out instances to start

    set_fact:

      instances_to_start: {{ instances_to_start | default([]) + [item] }}”

    loop: {{ clean_instances }}”

    when: “item.name in instance_names_to_start and item.state == ‘STOPPED'”

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   name: Filter out instances to stop

    set_fact:

      instances_to_stop: {{ clean_instances | selectattr(‘name’, ‘in’, instance_names_to_stop) | selectattr(‘state’, ‘equalto‘, ‘RUNNING’) | list }}”

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   name: Filter out instances to start

    set_fact:

      instances_to_start: {{ clean_instances | selectattr(‘name’, ‘in’, instance_names_to_start) | selectattr(‘state’, ‘equalto‘, ‘STOPPED’) | list }}”

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   name: Display instances to stop (you can remove this debug task later)

    debug:

      var: instances_to_stop

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   name: Display instances to start (you can remove this debug task later)

    debug:

      var: instances_to_start

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   name: Power off instances

    command:

      cmd: oci compute instance action —action STOP –instance-id {{ item.id }}”

    loop: {{ instances_to_stop }}”

    when: instances_to_stop | length > 0

    register: state

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#  – debug:

#      var: state

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   name: Power on instances

    command:

      cmd: oci compute instance action —action START –instance-id {{ item.id }}”

    loop: {{ instances_to_start }}”

    when: instances_to_start | length > 0

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The output will look like

PLAY [Control OCI Instance Power State based on Instance Names] **********************************************************************************

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TASK [Gathering Facts] ***************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [localhost]

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TASK [Fetch all instance details in the compartment] *********************************************************************************************

changed: [localhost]

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TASK [Parse the OCI CLI output] ******************************************************************************************************************

ok: [localhost]

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TASK [Extract relevant information] **************************************************************************************************************

ok: [localhost] => (item={‘display-name’: ‘Instance1’, ‘id’: ‘ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID1’, ‘lifecycle-state’: ‘STOPPED’})

ok: [localhost] => (item={‘display-name’: ‘Instance2’, ‘id’: ‘ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID2’, ‘lifecycle-state’: ‘RUNNING’})

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TASK [Filter out instances to stop] **************************************************************************************************************

ok: [localhost]

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TASK [Filter out instances to start] *************************************************************************************************************

ok: [localhost]

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TASK [Display instances to stop (you can remove this debug task later)] **************************************************************************

ok: [localhost] => {

    instances_to_stop: [

        {

            “name”: “Instance2”,

            “id”: ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID2″,

            “state”: RUNNING”

        }

    ]

}

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TASK [Display instances to start (you can remove this debug task later)] *************************************************************************

ok: [localhost] => {

    instances_to_start: [

        {

            “name”: “Instance1”,

            “id”: ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID1″,

            “state”: STOPPED”

        }

    ]

}

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TASK [Power off instances] ***********************************************************************************************************************

changed: [localhost] => (item={‘name’: ‘Instance2’, ‘id’: ‘ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID2’, ‘state’: ‘RUNNING’})

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TASK [Power on instances] ************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [localhost] => (item={‘name’: ‘Instance1’, ‘id’: ‘ocid1.instance.oc1..exampleuniqueID1’, ‘state’: ‘STOPPED’})

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PLAY RECAP ****************************************************************************************************************************************

localhost                  : ok=9    changed=3    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

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TightVNC Security Hole

Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a graphical desktop-sharing system that uses the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB) to remotely control another computer. It transmits the keyboard and mouse input from one computer to another, relaying the graphical-screen updates, over a network.[1]

VNC servers work on a variety of platforms, allowing you to share screens and keyboards between Windows, Mac, Linux, and Raspberry Pi devices. RDP server is proprietary and only works with one operating system. VNC vs RDP performance. RDP provides a better and faster remote connection.

There are a number of reasons why people use it.

 RDP requires licenses and VNC does not.
 You can also have multiple sessions on a user
 You can set it so it will connect to an existing session (which is what a lot folks use it for)
 It can be used on multiple OS’s including linux; while RDP is just for windows

There are a few VNC tools out there.

RealVNC

 They have enterprise version
 Requires Licenses
 Has no AD authentication
 Has decent Encryption

UltraVNC – Best one to use.

 Has AD authentication
 Has good Encryption
 AD authentication
 File transfer inside the VNC connection
 Multiuser connections and Existing
 Loads of features the others don’t have
 Is considered the most secure
 Free for personal and commercial use
 Available through chocolatey package manager

Tight-VNC – Security Hole

 Free
 Has encryption but its DES with an 8 character limit
 Available through chocolatey package manager

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Tight-VNC has their encryption algorithm hardcoded into its software and appears they have NOT updated its encryption standards in years.

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DES Encryption used

# This is hardcoded in VNC applications like TightVNC.

    $magicKey = [byte[]]@(0xE8, 0x4A, 0xD6, 0x60, 0xC4, 0x72, 0x1A, 0xE0)

    $ansi = [System.Text.Encoding]::GetEncoding(

        [System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentCulture.TextInfo.ANSICodePage)

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    $pass = [System.Net.NetworkCredential]::new(, $Password).Password    

    $byteCount = $ansi.GetByteCount($pass)

    if ($byteCount gt 8) {

        $err = [System.Management.Automation.ErrorRecord]::new(

            [ArgumentException]‘Password must not exceed 8 characters’,

            PasswordTooLong,

            [System.Management.Automation.ErrorCategory]::InvalidArgument,

            $null)

        $PSCmdlet.WriteError($err)

        return

    }

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    $toEncrypt = [byte[]]::new(8)

    $null = $ansi.GetBytes($pass, 0, $pass.Length, $toEncrypt, 0)

    

    $des = $encryptor = $null

    try {

        $des = [System.Security.Cryptography.DES]::Create()

        $des.Padding = ‘None’

        $encryptor = $des.CreateEncryptor($magicKey, [byte[]]::new(8))

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        $data = [byte[]]::new(8)

        $null = $encryptor.TransformBlock($toEncrypt, 0, $toEncrypt.Length, $data, 0)

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        , $data

    }

    finally {

        if ($encryptor) { $encryptor.Dispose() }

        if ($des) { $des.Dispose() }

    }

}

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What this means is…IF you are using admin credentials on your machine while using Tight-VNC a hacker that is way better than I… Could gain access to your infrastructure by simply glimpsing the windows registry. Im sure there ways to exploit it.

I will demonstrate:

Now you can install Tight-vnc manually or via chocolatey. I used chocolatey and this from a public available repo.

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Now lets set the password by right clicking tightvnc icon in the bottom corner and setting the password to an 8 character password, by clicking on change primary password and typing in whatever you like

‘Suck3r00’

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A screenshot of a computer

Description automatically generated

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Now lets open powershell without administrator privileges. Lets say I got in remotely and chocolatey is there and I want to check to see if tight-vnc is there.

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A screenshot of a computer

Description automatically generated

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As you can see I find this without administrator privilege.

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Now lets say I was able to view the registry and get the encrypted value for tight-vnc; all I need to do is see for a few seconds.

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Now there are tools online where you can convert that hexadecimal to binary decimal values long before AI was around. But since I love GPT im going to ask it to convert that for me

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I have script that didn’t take long to put together from digging around for about an hour online. Which im obviously not going to share, BUT if I can do it……someone with skills could do pretty easy. A professional hacker NO SWEAT.

A computer screen shot of a blue screen

Description automatically generated

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.As you can see if you have rolled this out how dangerous it is.

Having said that I have also written an Ansible Role which will purge tightvnc from your infrastructure and deploy ultravnc which will use encryption and AD authentication. Which the other two currently do NOT do.

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Hope you enjoyed getting P0WNed.

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How to Deploy VM’s in Hyper-V with Ansible

Thought it would be fun to do…..

If you can find another public repo that has it working online. Please send me a message so I can kick myself.

 This role will allow you to use a vhdx image to deploy vm’s in hyperv
 It will use the vm name to create a sub-folder to place the new vm image in
 It will configure the network switch
 It will setup the vlan tag/id and enable it
 It will also set the smart-paging file location to the destination path of the vm
 It will configure the OS network configuration 
 It will power on the machine and wait for response successfully
 It can also remove vms
 You can also call the role with tags if you want…

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How to use this role: ansible-hyperv repo is set to private you must request access

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
2.Now you want edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

b.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
i.testmachine1.nicktailor.com ansible_host=192.168.1.101 (the ip is pointed to the hypervisor)

Note: If there is no group simply list the server outside grouping, the –limit flag will pick it

up.

3.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

c.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
d.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
e.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

4.Move inside host_var
f.cd host_var
g.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com

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5.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

h.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
i.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
j.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

6.Move inside host_var
k.cd host_var
l.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com
m.add the following parameters to your inventory file and save.

passed parameters: example: inventory/host_vars/testmachine.nicktailor.com

vms:

  – type: testserver

    name: nicktest

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    cpu: 2   

    memory: 4096MB

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    network:

      ip: 192.168.23.26

      netmask: 255.255.255.0

      gateway: 192.168.23.254

      dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18

      

#    network_switch: ‘External Virtual Switch’

    network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’

    vlanid: 1113

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#   source-image

    src_vhd: ‘Z:\volumes\devops\devopssysprep\devopssysprep.vhdx

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#   destination will be created in Z:\\volumes\servername\servername.vhdx by default

#   to change the paths you need to update the prov_vm.yml’s first three task paths

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Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called createvm.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the ansible-hyperv role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/createvm.yml

name: Provision VM

  hosts: hypervdev.nicktailor.com

  gather_facts: no

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  tasks:

    – import_tasks: roles/ansible-hyperv/tasks/prov_vm.yml

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Command:

ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts createvm.ymllimit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

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Successful example run of the book:

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[ntailor@ansible-home ~]$ ansible-playbook –i inventory/hosts createvm.yml –limit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com

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PLAY [Provision VM] ****************************************************************************************************************************************************************

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TASK [Create directory structure] **************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [Check whether vhdx already exists] *******************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [Clone vhdx] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘changed’: False, ‘invocation’: {module_args: {‘path’: ‘Z:\\\\volumes\\\\devops\\nicktest\\nicktest.vhdx, checksum_algorithm: ‘sha1’, get_checksum: False, ‘follow’: False, ‘get_md5’: False}}, ‘stat’: {‘exists’: False}, ‘failed’: False, ‘item’: {‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx}, ansible_loop_var: ‘item’})

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TASK [set_fact] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

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TASK [debug] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => {

    path_folder: “Z:\\\\volumes\\\\devops\\nicktest\\nicktest.vhdx”

}

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TASK [set_fact] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

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TASK [debug] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => {

    page_folder: “Z:\\\\volumes\\\\devops\\nicktest”

}

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TASK [Create VMs] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [Set SmartPaging File Location for new Virtual Machine to use destination image path] *****************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [Set Network VlanID] **********************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [Configure VMs IP] ************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

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TASK [add_host] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘changed’: True, ‘failed’: False, ‘item’: {‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx}, ansible_loop_var: ‘item’})

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TASK [Poweron VMs] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

.

TASK [Wait for VM to be running] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com -> localhost] => (item={‘type’: testservers, ‘name’: nicktest, cpu: 2, ‘memory’: ‘4096MB’, ‘network’: {ip: ‘192.168.23.36’, ‘netmask’: ‘255.255.255.0’, ‘gateway’: ‘192.168.23.254’, dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18}, network_switch: ‘Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch’, vlanid: 1113, ‘src_vhd: ‘C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx})

.

TASK [debug] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => {

    “wait”: {

        “changed”: false,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: false,

                “elapsed”: 82,

                “failed”: false,

                “invocation”: {

                    module_args: {

                        active_connection_states: [

                            “ESTABLISHED”,

                            “FIN_WAIT1”,

                            “FIN_WAIT2”,

                            “SYN_RECV”,

                            “SYN_SENT”,

                            “TIME_WAIT”

                        ],

                        connect_timeout: 5,

                        “delay”: 0,

                        exclude_hosts: null,

                        “host”: “192.168.23.36”,

                        msg: null,

                        “path”: null,

                        “port”: 5986,

                        search_regex: null,

                        “sleep”: 1,

                        “state”: “started”,

                        “timeout”: 100

                    }

                },

                “item”: {

                    cpu: 2,

                    “memory”: “4096MB”,

                    “name”: nicktest,

                    “network”: {

                        dns: 192.168.0.17,192.168.0.18,

                        “gateway”: “192.168.23.254”,

                        ip: “192.168.23.36”,

                        “netmask”: “255.255.255.0”

                    },

                    network_switch: “Cisco VIC Ethernet Interface #6 – Virtual Switch”,

                    src_vhd: “C:\\volumes\\devops\\devopssysprep\\devopssysprep.vhdx”,

                    “type”: testservers,

                    vlanid: 1113

                },

                match_groupdict: {},

                match_groups: [],

                “path”: null,

                “port”: 5986,

                search_regex: null,

                “state”: “started”

            }

        ]

    }

}

.

PLAY RECAP *************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

testmachine1.nicktailor.com      : ok=15   changed=7    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0   

.

.

.

How to Configure Redhat 7 & 8 Network Interfaces using Ansible

 This role will configure redhat 7 and up interfaces for virtual and physical.
(bonded nics, gateways, routes, interface names)

How to use this role:

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
2.Now you want edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

c.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
d.testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.1.101

.

Cool Stuff: If you deployed a virtual-machine using the ansible-vmware modules it will set the hostname of the host using the same shortname of the vm. If you require the fqdn vs the shortname on the host. To solve this I added some code to set the fdqn as the new_hostname if you define it under you hosts.file as shown below.

e.testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.1.101 new_hostname=testmachine1.nicktailor.com

.

Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

f.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
g.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
h.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

3.Move inside host_var
i.cd host_var
j.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com

.

4.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

k.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
l.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
m.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

5.Move inside host_var
n.cd host_var
o.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com
p.add the following parameters to your inventory file and save.

passed parameters: example: var/testmachine1

#Configure network can be used on physical and virtual-machines

nic_devices:

    – device: ens192

      ip: 192.168.10.100

      nm: 255.255.255.0

      gw: 192.168.10.254

      uuid:

      mac:

..

Note: you do not need to specify the UUID, you can if you wish. You do need the MAC. if you are doing bonded nics on the hosts. If you are using physical machines with satellite deployments. Then its probably a good to idea to use the mac of the nic you want the dhcp request to hit to avoid accidently deploying to the wrong host. When dealing with physical machines you don’t really have the same forgiveness of snapshots or quickly rebuilding as a vm. You can do more complicated configurations as indicated below….You can always email or contact me via linkedin, top right of the blog if you need assistance.

More Advanced configurations: bonded nics, routes, multiple nics and gateways

bond_devices:

    – device: ens1

      mac: ec:0d:9a:05:3b:f0

      master: mgt

      eth_opts: ‘-C ${DEVICE} adaptive-rx off rx-usecs 0 rx-frames 0; -K ${DEVICE} lro off’

    – device: ens1d1

      mac: ec:0d:9a:05:3b:f1

      master: mgt

      eth_opts: ‘-C ${DEVICE} adaptive-rx off rx-usecs 0 rx-frames 0; -K ${DEVICE} lro off’

    – device: mgt

      ip: 10.100.1.2

      nm: 255.255.255.0

      gw: 10.100.1.254

      pr: ens1

    – device: ens6

      mac: ec:0d:9a:05:16:g0

      master: app

    – device: ens6d1

      mac: ec:0d:9a:05:16:g1

      master: app

    – device: app

      ip: 10.101.1.3

      nm: 255.255.255.0

      pr: ens6

routes:

    – device: app

      route:

        – 100.240.136.0/24

        – 100.240.138.0/24

.

    – device: app

      gw: 10.156.177.1

      route:

        – 10.156.148.0/24

.

.

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called setup-networkonly.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the setup-redhat-interfaces role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/ setup-networkonly.yml

hosts: all

  gather_facts: no

  roles:

   – role: setup-redhat-interfaces

.

Command:

ansible-playbook -i inventory/dev/hosts setup-networkonly.yml–limit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com’

.

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

.

Test Run:

[root@ansible-home]# ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts setup-metworkonly.yml –limit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com’ -k

SSH password:

.

PLAY [all] *************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : Gather facts] ************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : set_fact] ****************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : Cleanup network confguration] ********************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : find] ********************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : file] ********************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={u’rusr: True, u’uid: 0, u’rgrp: True, u’xoth: False, u’islnk: False, u’woth: False, u’nlink: 1, u’issock: False, u’mtime: 1530272815.953706, u’gr_name: u’root‘, u’path: u’/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3′, u’xusr: False, u’atime: 1665494779.63, u’inode: 1055173, u’isgid: False, u’size: 285, u’isdir: False, u’ctime: 1530272816.3037066, u’isblk: False, u’wgrp: False, u’xgrp: False, u’isuid: False, u’dev: 64769, u’roth: True, u’isreg: True, u’isfifo: False, u’mode: u’0644′, u’pw_name: u’root‘, u’gid: 0, u’ischr: False, u’wusr: True})

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={u’rusr: True, u’uid: 0, u’rgrp: True, u’xoth: False, u’islnk: False, u’woth: False, u’nlink: 1, u’issock: False, u’mtime: 1530272848.538762, u’gr_name: u’root‘, u’path: u’/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s8′, u’xusr: False, u’atime: 1665494779.846, u’inode: 2769059, u’isgid: False, u’size: 203, u’isdir: False, u’ctime: 1530272848.6417623, u’isblk: False, u’wgrp: False, u’xgrp: False, u’isuid: False, u’dev: 64769, u’roth: True, u’isreg: True, u’isfifo: False, u’mode: u’0644′, u’pw_name: u’root‘, u’gid: 0, u’ischr: False, u’wusr: True})

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : file] ********************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com]

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : Setup bond devices] ******************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={u’device: u’enp0s8′, u’mac: u’08:00:27:13:b2:73′, u’master: u’mgt‘})

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={u’device: u’enp0s9′, u’mac: u’08:00:27:e8:cf:cd’, u’master: u’mgt‘})

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => (item={u’device: u’mgt‘, u’ip: u’192.168.10.200‘, u’nm: u’255.255.255.0′, u’gw: u’10.0.2.2′, u’pr: u’enp0s8′})

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : Setup NIC] ***************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [setup-redhat-network : Setup static routes] *****************************************************************************************************************************

.

PLAY RECAP *************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

testmachine1.nicktailor.com : ok=7    changed=2    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=2    rescued=0    ignored=0

.

[root@testmachine1.nicktailor.com]# cat /proc/net/bonding/mgt

Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver: v3.7.1 (April 27, 2011)

.

Bonding Mode: fault-tolerance (active-backup)

Primary Slave: enp0s8 (primary_reselect failure)

Currently Active Slave: enp0s8

MII Status: up

MII Polling Interval (ms): 100

Up Delay (ms): 0

Down Delay (ms): 0

.

Slave Interface: enp0s8

MII Status: up

Speed: 1000 Mbps

Duplex: full

Link Failure Count: 0

Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:13:b2:73

Slave queue ID: 0

.

Slave Interface: enp0s9

MII Status: up

Speed: 1000 Mbps

Duplex: full

Link Failure Count: 0

Permanent HW addr: 08:00:27:e8:cf:cd

Slave queue ID: 0

.

[root@testmachine1.nicktailor.com]# ip a

1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000

    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00

    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo

       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

    inet6 ::1/128 scope host

       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000

    link/ether 08:00:27:63:63:0e brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

    inet 10.0.2.15/24 brd 10.0.2.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic enp0s3

       valid_lft 86074sec preferred_lft 86074sec

    inet6 fe80::a162:1b49:98b7:6c54/64 scope link noprefixroute

       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

3: enp0s8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master mgt state UP group default qlen 1000

    link/ether 08:00:27:13:b2:73 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

4: enp0s9: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,SLAVE,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master mgt state UP group default qlen 1000

    link/ether 08:00:27:13:b2:73 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

5: enp0s10: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000

    link/ether 08:00:27:05:b4:e8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

6: bond0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,MASTER> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000

    link/ether ae:db:dc:52:22:f8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

7: mgt: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,MASTER,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000

    link/ether 08:00:27:13:b2:73 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

    inet 192.168.10.200/24 brd 192.168.56.255 scope global mgt

       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe13:b273/64 scope link

       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

.

How to Join Windows Servers to your DC with Ansible

 This role will simply join a new windows server to the domain
 You simply need to define the passed parameters in defaults/main.yml indicated below
 This role will ask you for the domain admin password at runtime so you will need to know it. Don’t need to worry about vaulting the admin AD password in the code
 This role assume your windows host is already configured to use winrm

How to use this role:

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
2.Now you want edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

c.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
i.Testmachine1.nicktailor.coml ansible_host=192.168.1.101

Note: If there is no group simply list the server outside grouping, the –limit flag will pick it

up.

3.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

d.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
e.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
f.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

4.Move inside host_var
g.cd host_var
h.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com

.

5.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

i.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
j.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
k.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

6.Move inside host_var
l.cd host_var
m.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its testmachine1.nicktailor.com
n.add the following parameters to your inventory file and save.

passed parameters: example: roles/add-server-to-dc/default/main.yml

dns_domain_name: ad.nicktailor.com

computer_name: testmachine1

domain_ou_path: “OU=Admin,DC=nicktailor,DC=local”

domain_admin_user: adminuser@nicktailor.com

state: domain

.

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called joinservertodomain.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the add-servers-to-dc role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/joinservertodomain.yml

hosts: all

  gather_facts: no

  vars_prompt:

  – name: domain_pass

    prompt: Enter Admin Domain Password

  roles:

    – role: addservers-todc

.

Command:

ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts joinservertodomain.ymllimit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

Successful example run of the book:

.

[alfred@ansible.nicktailor.com ~]$ ansible-playbook –i inventory/hosts joinservertodomain.yml –limit=’testmachine1.nicktailor.com

ansible-playbook 2.9.27

  config file = /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg

  configured module search path = [‘/home/alfred/.ansible/plugins/modules’, ‘/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules’]

  ansible python module location = /usr/lib/python3.6/site-packages/ansible

  executable location = /usr/bin/ansible-playbook

  python version = 3.6.8 (default, Nov 10 2021, 06:50:23) [GCC 8.5.0 20210514 (Red Hat 8.5.0-3.0.2)]

.

PLAYBOOK: joinservertodomain.yml *****************************************************************************************************************************************************

Positional arguments: joinservertodomain.yml

verbosity: 4

connection: smart

timeout: 10

become_method: sudo

tags: (‘all’,)

inventory: (‘/home/alfred/inventory/hosts’,)

subset: testmachine1.nicktailor.com

forks: 5

1 plays in joinservertodomain.yml

Enter Domain Password:

.

PLAY [all] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

META: ran handlers

.

TASK [addservertodc : Join windows host to Domain Controller] ********************************************************************************************************************

task path: /home/alfred/roles/addservertodc/tasks/main.yml:1

Using module file /usr/lib/python3.6/site-packages/ansible/modules/windows/win_domain_membership.ps1

Pipelining is enabled.

<testmachine1.nicktailor.com> ESTABLISH WINRM CONNECTION FOR USER: ansibleuser on PORT 5986 TO testmachine1.nicktailor.com

EXEC (via pipeline wrapper)

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => {

    “changed”: true,

    reboot_required: true

}

.

TASK [addservertodc : win_reboot] ************************************************************************************************************************************************

win_reboot: system successfully rebooted

changed: [testmachine1.nicktailor.com] => {

    “changed”: true,

    “elapsed”: 23,

    “rebooted”: true

}

META: ran handlers

META: ran handlers

.

PLAY RECAP ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

testmachine1.nicktailor.com       : ok=2    changed=2    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0   

.

.

.

.

How to deploy OpenNebula Frontends via Ansible

Frontend: This role deploys the OpenNebula Cloud platform frontends via Ansible

Ansible Operational Documentation – OpenNebula Frontend Deployments

https://opennebula.io/ – OpenNebula is basically a opensource inhouse cloud platform that you can deploy and manage virtual machines using a kvm backend on the host which is scalable. OpenNebula support give you a document to run manual commands, and would not provide the opensource playbook they use to deploy frontends.

So I reverse engineered one for others to use and edit as needed. As nobody runs commands manually anymore. If you are not automating then you are basically a dinosaur

Note: You will still need to buy your own enterprise license to get access to the apt source. You can find that below and you can plug those into defaults/main.yml before you run the book.

This role handles the following when deploying OpenNebula Frontends in standalone or HA using groups to distinguish how to deploy in scale using apache.

 Apache.yml – separate task that independently deploys apache and the configutation. This is so if you simply if wanted to run rerun the apache configuration with a new domain, you don’t need to rerun the whole book.
 Mysql.yml – this task uses a custom python library that is not apart of native ansible, located in side the library folder and handles the following
It deploys mysql
It changes the root password
Removes_anonymous_user
Disables_root_login_remotely
Removes the testdb
It will create the database, user, and grantpermission for new the new database
 Main.yml – This is the primary task that deploys the ON frontend
Install depenancies for ON
Imports the keys for Ubuntu, phusionpassenger, ON
Install and configures mysql (using custom python library)
Install and configures apache for ON
Configures sunstone.conf
Configures oned.conf
Is able to distinguish between standalone and HA setup
Copies ssh keys for ON to secondary FE’s
Copies rafthook scripts to secondary FE’s
Adds primary server to ON zone
Updates zone endpoint
Backups up primary mysql db and copies to secondary nodes in HA
Setups up federation configuration if defined
Stop and starts services at specific times during the installation for everything to work correctly. (super important) do not change the order without reviewing

How to use this role:

1.You must first download the git repository
b.git clone git@github.com:Perfect10NickTailor/opennebula-frontends.git
2.Under your user you will see a directory called opennebula-frontends cd into this directory
c.cd opennebula-frontends
3.Move inside the inventory directory to the appropriate client directory
a.Create a file called hosts.opennebula
4.Now you want edit the {{ hosts.opennebula }} file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist

Example file: hosts.opennebula

d.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save

Example: This is how you would list out 3 frontend hosts

[all:children]

frontend_server_primary # this is where you list ON server number 1

mysql_servers – you list any server that will require mysql install for ON

apache_servers – you list any server that will be running ON apache

frontend_HA – you list any additional front ends that will be used in HA here for OpenNebula

.

[frontend_server_primary]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.61

.

[mysql_servers]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.61

Testmachine2 ansible_host=192.168.86.62

#Testmachine3 ansibel_host=192.168.86.63

[apache_servers]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.61

Testmachine2 ansible_host=192.168.86.62

#Testmachine3 ansibel_host=192.168.86.63

.

[frontend_HA]

Testmachine2 ansible_host=192.168.86.62

#Testmachine3 ansible_host=192.168.86.63

.

Note: For a standalone setup you simply list the same host under the following 3 groups listed below and then in your command under –limt=”testmachine1” instead of ‘testmachine1,testmachine2′. The playbook is smart enough to know what to do from there.

[frontend_server_primary]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.63

[mysql_servers]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.63

[apache_servers]

Testmachine1 ansible_host=192.168.86.63

Special Notes: This playbook is designed so you can choose deploy ON in standalone, in classic centralised mysql(HA), or OpenNebula HA(with mysql deploy individually with rafthook configuration.

We will be deploying the OpenNebula officially supported way.
Although no senior architect would usually choose this approach over classic mysql HA(active/passive), we followed it anyway.

Important things to know:

Group variables for this role that are passed and need to be defined below. If you want to change certificates and configure mysql it has to be done in these group vars for this role to work. You will need to create opennebula ssl keys for the vnc console stuff to work, they are not provided by this playbook.

Dev/group_vars:

Frontend_server_primary

session_memcache: memcache

vnc_proxy_support_wss: true

vnc_proxy_cert_path: /etc/ssl/certs/opennebula.pem

vnc_proxy_key_path: /etc/ssl/private/opennebula.key

vnc_proxy_ipv6: false

vnc_request_password: false

driver: qcow2

.

Frontend_HA

#If these are defined HA setup is pushed.

#It Adds VIP hooks for floating IP and federation server ID:

#these variables can be overidden at at the host_var level.

#If host is listed under frontend_HA group in your host

#then these defaults will be used

.

leader_interface_name: enp0s8

leader_ip: 192.168.50.132/24

follower_ip: 192.168.50.132/24

follower_interface_name: enp0s8

.

Mysql_servers

OpenNebula Mysql Installation

mysqlrootuser: root

mysqlnewinstallpassword: Swordfish123

mysql_admin_user: admin    

mysql_admin_password: admin

database_to_create: opennebula

.

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory of ansible”
2.There is a file called commands.txt with references to help you format your command quickly.
3.Now there is a playbook called ON-frontenddeploly.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the opennebula-frontends role inside the roles directory.

Example: of opennebula-frontend/ON-frontenddeploy.yml

hosts: all

  become: True

  become_user: root

  gather_facts: no

  roles:

    – role: opennebula-frontend

.

Command: Running – playbook to deploy OpenNebula in HA

ansible-playbook -i inventory/dev/hosts ON-frontenddeploy.yml -u brucewayne -Kkb –ask-become –limit=’testmachine1,testmachine2′

Command: Running – playbook to deploy OpenNebula in Standalone

ansible-playbook -i inventory/dev/hosts ON-frontenddeploy.yml -u brucewayne -Kkb –ask-become –limit=’testmachine1′

.

-i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by customer like hosts.opennebla2  
-u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
-Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
-ask-beocme : is saying become root
-limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

Successful run:

.

brucewayne@KVMtestbox:~/ansible/opennebula-frontend$ ansibleplaybooki inventory/dev/hosts.opennebula2 ONfrontenddeploy.ymlu brucewayneKkbaskbecomelimit=‘testmachine1,testmachine2’

SSH password:

BECOME password[defaults to SSH password]:

.

PLAY [all] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [frontend : install debian packages] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=curl)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=curl)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=gnupg)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=gnupg)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=buildessential)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=dirmngr)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=cacertificates)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=memcached)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=buildessential)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=dirmngr)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=cacertificates)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=memcached)

.

TASK [frontend : import the opennebula apt key] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : Show Key list] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “keylist.stdout_lines”: [

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg”,

        “——————–“,

        “pub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [SC]”,

        ”      92B7 7188 854C F23E 1634  DA89 592F 7F05 85E1 6EBF”,

        “uid           [ unknown] OpenNebula Repository <contact@opennebula.org>”,

        “sub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [E]”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      790B C727 7767 219C 42C8  6F93 3B4F E6AC C0B2 1F32″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2012) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-cdimage.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      8439 38DF 228D 22F7 B374  2BC0 D94A A3F0 EFE2 1092″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu CD Image Automatic Signing Key (2012) <cdimage@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2018-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2018-09-17 [SC]”,

        ”      F6EC B376 2474 EDA9 D21B  7022 8719 20D1 991B C93C”,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2018) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”

    ]

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “keylist.stdout_lines”: [

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg”,

        “——————–“,

        “pub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [SC]”,

        ”      92B7 7188 854C F23E 1634  DA89 592F 7F05 85E1 6EBF”,

        “uid           [ unknown] OpenNebula Repository <contact@opennebula.org>”,

        “sub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [E]”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      790B C727 7767 219C 42C8  6F93 3B4F E6AC C0B2 1F32″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2012) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-cdimage.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      8439 38DF 228D 22F7 B374  2BC0 D94A A3F0 EFE2 1092″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu CD Image Automatic Signing Key (2012) <cdimage@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2018-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2018-09-17 [SC]”,

        ”      F6EC B376 2474 EDA9 D21B  7022 8719 20D1 991B C93C”,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2018) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”

    ]

}

.

TASK [frontend : import the phusionpassenger apt key] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : Show Key list] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “keylist2.stdout_lines”: [

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg”,

        “——————–“,

        “pub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [SC]”,

        ”      92B7 7188 854C F23E 1634  DA89 592F 7F05 85E1 6EBF”,

        “uid           [ unknown] OpenNebula Repository <contact@opennebula.org>”,

        “sub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [E]”,

        “”,

        “pub   rsa4096 2013-06-30 [SC]”,

        ”      1637 8A33 A6EF 1676 2922  526E 561F 9B9C AC40 B2F7″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Phusion Automated Software Signing (Used by automated tools to sign software packages) <auto-software-signing@phusion.nl>”,

        “sub   rsa4096 2013-06-30 [E]”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      790B C727 7767 219C 42C8  6F93 3B4F E6AC C0B2 1F32″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2012) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-cdimage.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      8439 38DF 228D 22F7 B374  2BC0 D94A A3F0 EFE2 1092″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu CD Image Automatic Signing Key (2012) <cdimage@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2018-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2018-09-17 [SC]”,

        ”      F6EC B376 2474 EDA9 D21B  7022 8719 20D1 991B C93C”,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2018) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”

    ]

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “keylist2.stdout_lines”: [

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg”,

        “——————–“,

        “pub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [SC]”,

        ”      92B7 7188 854C F23E 1634  DA89 592F 7F05 85E1 6EBF”,

        “uid           [ unknown] OpenNebula Repository <contact@opennebula.org>”,

        “sub   rsa2048 2013-06-13 [E]”,

        “”,

        “pub   rsa4096 2013-06-30 [SC]”,

        ”      1637 8A33 A6EF 1676 2922  526E 561F 9B9C AC40 B2F7″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Phusion Automated Software Signing (Used by automated tools to sign software packages) <auto-software-signing@phusion.nl>”,

        “sub   rsa4096 2013-06-30 [E]”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      790B C727 7767 219C 42C8  6F93 3B4F E6AC C0B2 1F32″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2012) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2012-cdimage.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2012-05-11 [SC]”,

        ”      8439 38DF 228D 22F7 B374  2BC0 D94A A3F0 EFE2 1092″,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu CD Image Automatic Signing Key (2012) <cdimage@ubuntu.com>”,

        “”,

        “/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ubuntu-keyring-2018-archive.gpg”,

        “——————————————————“,

        “pub   rsa4096 2018-09-17 [SC]”,

        ”      F6EC B376 2474 EDA9 D21B  7022 8719 20D1 991B C93C”,

        “uid           [ unknown] Ubuntu Archive Automatic Signing Key (2018) <ftpmaster@ubuntu.com>”

    ]

}

.

TASK [frontend : add opennebula apt repository] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : add bionic phusionpassenger apt repository] *************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : wget apttransporthttps cacertificates] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “install2”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “apt-get -y install wget apt-transport-https ca-certificates”,

        “delta”: “0:00:02.087119”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:13:42.512860”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:13:40.425741”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “Reading package lists…\nBuilding dependency tree…\nReading state information…\nca-certificates is already the newest version (20210119~20.04.2).\nwget is already the newest version (1.20.3-1ubuntu2).\nwget set to manually installed.\nThe following NEW packages will be installed\n  apt-transport-https\n0 to upgrade, 1 to newly install, 0 to remove and 1 not to upgrade.\nNeed to get 4,680 B of archives.\nAfter this operation, 162 kB of additional disk space will be used.\nGet:1 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 apt-transport-https all 2.0.6 [4,680 B]\nFetched 4,680 B in 0s (15.1 kB/s)\nSelecting previously unselected package apt-transport-https.\r\n(Reading database … \r(Reading database … 5%\r(Reading database … 10%\r(Reading database … 15%\r(Reading database … 20%\r(Reading database … 25%\r(Reading database … 30%\r(Reading database … 35%\r(Reading database … 40%\r(Reading database … 45%\r(Reading database … 50%\r(Reading database … 55%\r(Reading database … 60%\r(Reading database … 65%\r(Reading database … 70%\r(Reading database … 75%\r(Reading database … 80%\r(Reading database … 85%\r(Reading database … 90%\r(Reading database … 95%\r(Reading database … 100%\r(Reading database … 199304 files and directories currently installed.)\r\nPreparing to unpack …/apt-transport-https_2.0.6_all.deb …\r\nUnpacking apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …\r\nSetting up apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “Reading package lists…”,

            “Building dependency tree…”,

            “Reading state information…”,

            “ca-certificates is already the newest version (20210119~20.04.2).”,

            “wget is already the newest version (1.20.3-1ubuntu2).”,

            “wget set to manually installed.”,

            “The following NEW packages will be installed”,

            ”  apt-transport-https”,

            “0 to upgrade, 1 to newly install, 0 to remove and 1 not to upgrade.”,

            “Need to get 4,680 B of archives.”,

            “After this operation, 162 kB of additional disk space will be used.”,

            “Get:1 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 apt-transport-https all 2.0.6 [4,680 B]”,

            “Fetched 4,680 B in 0s (15.1 kB/s)”,

            “Selecting previously unselected package apt-transport-https.”,

            “(Reading database … “,

            “(Reading database … 5%”,

            “(Reading database … 10%”,

            “(Reading database … 15%”,

            “(Reading database … 20%”,

            “(Reading database … 25%”,

            “(Reading database … 30%”,

            “(Reading database … 35%”,

            “(Reading database … 40%”,

            “(Reading database … 45%”,

            “(Reading database … 50%”,

            “(Reading database … 55%”,

            “(Reading database … 60%”,

            “(Reading database … 65%”,

            “(Reading database … 70%”,

            “(Reading database … 75%”,

            “(Reading database … 80%”,

            “(Reading database … 85%”,

            “(Reading database … 90%”,

            “(Reading database … 95%”,

            “(Reading database … 100%”,

            “(Reading database … 199304 files and directories currently installed.)”,

            “Preparing to unpack …/apt-transport-https_2.0.6_all.deb …”,

            “Unpacking apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”,

            “Setting up apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”

        ]

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “install2”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “apt-get -y install wget apt-transport-https ca-certificates”,

        “delta”: “0:00:02.710741”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:13:43.155299”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:13:40.444558”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “Reading package lists…\nBuilding dependency tree…\nReading state information…\nca-certificates is already the newest version (20210119~20.04.2).\nwget is already the newest version (1.20.3-1ubuntu2).\nwget set to manually installed.\nThe following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:\n  linux-headers-5.11.0-27-generic linux-hwe-5.11-headers-5.11.0-27\n  linux-image-5.11.0-27-generic linux-modules-5.11.0-27-generic\n  linux-modules-extra-5.11.0-27-generic\nUse ‘sudo apt autoremove’ to remove them.\nThe following NEW packages will be installed\n  apt-transport-https\n0 to upgrade, 1 to newly install, 0 to remove and 37 not to upgrade.\nNeed to get 4,680 B of archives.\nAfter this operation, 162 kB of additional disk space will be used.\nGet:1 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 apt-transport-https all 2.0.6 [4,680 B]\nFetched 4,680 B in 0s (13.2 kB/s)\nSelecting previously unselected package apt-transport-https.\r\n(Reading database … \r(Reading database … 5%\r(Reading database … 10%\r(Reading database … 15%\r(Reading database … 20%\r(Reading database … 25%\r(Reading database … 30%\r(Reading database … 35%\r(Reading database … 40%\r(Reading database … 45%\r(Reading database … 50%\r(Reading database … 55%\r(Reading database … 60%\r(Reading database … 65%\r(Reading database … 70%\r(Reading database … 75%\r(Reading database … 80%\r(Reading database … 85%\r(Reading database … 90%\r(Reading database … 95%\r(Reading database … 100%\r(Reading database … 202372 files and directories currently installed.)\r\nPreparing to unpack …/apt-transport-https_2.0.6_all.deb …\r\nUnpacking apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …\r\nSetting up apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “Reading package lists…”,

            “Building dependency tree…”,

            “Reading state information…”,

            “ca-certificates is already the newest version (20210119~20.04.2).”,

            “wget is already the newest version (1.20.3-1ubuntu2).”,

            “wget set to manually installed.”,

            “The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:”,

            ”  linux-headers-5.11.0-27-generic linux-hwe-5.11-headers-5.11.0-27″,

            ”  linux-image-5.11.0-27-generic linux-modules-5.11.0-27-generic”,

            ”  linux-modules-extra-5.11.0-27-generic”,

            “Use ‘sudo apt autoremove’ to remove them.”,

            “The following NEW packages will be installed”,

            ”  apt-transport-https”,

            “0 to upgrade, 1 to newly install, 0 to remove and 37 not to upgrade.”,

            “Need to get 4,680 B of archives.”,

            “After this operation, 162 kB of additional disk space will be used.”,

            “Get:1 http://gb.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/universe amd64 apt-transport-https all 2.0.6 [4,680 B]”,

            “Fetched 4,680 B in 0s (13.2 kB/s)”,

            “Selecting previously unselected package apt-transport-https.”,

            “(Reading database … “,

            “(Reading database … 5%”,

            “(Reading database … 10%”,

            “(Reading database … 15%”,

            “(Reading database … 20%”,

            “(Reading database … 25%”,

            “(Reading database … 30%”,

            “(Reading database … 35%”,

            “(Reading database … 40%”,

            “(Reading database … 45%”,

            “(Reading database … 50%”,

            “(Reading database … 55%”,

            “(Reading database … 60%”,

            “(Reading database … 65%”,

            “(Reading database … 70%”,

            “(Reading database … 75%”,

            “(Reading database … 80%”,

            “(Reading database … 85%”,

            “(Reading database … 90%”,

            “(Reading database … 95%”,

            “(Reading database … 100%”,

            “(Reading database … 202372 files and directories currently installed.)”,

            “Preparing to unpack …/apt-transport-https_2.0.6_all.deb …”,

            “Unpacking apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”,

            “Setting up apt-transport-https (2.0.6) …”

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : aptget update] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Include mysql task when groupvar mysqlservers is defined] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************

included: /home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/tasks/mysql.yml for testmachine1, testmachine2

.

TASK [frontend : install debian packages] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=mariadbserver)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=python3pymysql)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=mariadbserver)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=python3pymysql)

.

TASK [frontend : Secure mysql installation] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

[WARNING]: Module did not set no_log for change_root_password

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “mysql_secure”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “failed”: false,

        “meta”: {

            “change_root_pwd”: “True  — But not for all of the hosts”,

            “connected_with_socket?”: true,

            “disallow_root_remotely”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “hosts_failed”: [

                “127.0.0.1”,

                “::1”

            ],

            “hosts_success”: [

                “localhost”

            ],

            “mysql_version_above_10_3?”: false,

            “new_password_correct?”: false,

            “remove_anonymous_user”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “remove_test_db”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “stdout”: “Password for user: root @ Hosts: [‘localhost’] changed to the desired state”

        },

        “warnings”: [

            “Module did not set no_log for change_root_password”

        ]

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “mysql_secure”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “failed”: false,

        “meta”: {

            “change_root_pwd”: “True  — But not for all of the hosts”,

            “connected_with_socket?”: true,

            “disallow_root_remotely”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “hosts_failed”: [

                “::1”,

                “127.0.0.1”

            ],

            “hosts_success”: [

                “localhost”

            ],

            “mysql_version_above_10_3?”: false,

            “new_password_correct?”: false,

            “remove_anonymous_user”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “remove_test_db”: “False — meets the desired state”,

            “stdout”: “Password for user: root @ Hosts: [‘localhost’] changed to the desired state”

        },

        “warnings”: [

            “Module did not set no_log for change_root_password”

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : Create opennebula database] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “database”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “db”: “opennebula”,

        “db_list”: [

            “opennebula”

        ],

        “executed_commands”: [

            “CREATE DATABASE `opennebula`”

        ],

        “failed”: false

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “database”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “db”: “opennebula”,

        “db_list”: [

            “opennebula”

        ],

        “executed_commands”: [

            “CREATE DATABASE `opennebula`”

        ],

        “failed”: false

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : create user ‘admin’ with password ‘admin’ for ‘{{opennebula_db}}’ and grant all priveleges] *******************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : install opennebula packages] ****************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebula)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebulasunstone)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebulagate)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebulaflow)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebularubygems)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=opennebulafireedge)

ok: [testmachine1] => (item=gnupg)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebula)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebulasunstone)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebulagate)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebulaflow)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebularubygems)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=opennebulafireedge)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=gnupg)

.

TASK [frontend : Copy oned.conf to server with updated DB(host,user,pass)] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : Copy sunstoneserver.conf to server configs] ************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : Add credentials to Admin] ****************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “authfile.stdout_lines”: [

        “admin:IgDeMozOups8”

    ]

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “authfile.stdout_lines”: [

        “admin:Tafwaytofen2”

    ]

}

.

TASK [frontend : Set fact for authfile] **********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : update permissions opennebula permissions] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Include apache configuration] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

included: /home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/tasks/apache.yml for testmachine1, testmachine2

.

TASK [frontend : restart systemdtimesyncd] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : install debian packages] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=apache2utils)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=apache2utils)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=apache2)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=libapache2modproxymsrpc)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=apache2)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=libapache2modproxymsrpc)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=libapache2modpassenger)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=libapache2modpassenger)

.

TASK [frontend : copy opennebula apache ssl virtualhost config to server] ************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/apache_confs/opennebula.conf)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/apache_confs/opennebula.conf)

.

TASK [frontend : copy opennebul ssl certificate to servers] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/certs/opennebula.pem)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/certs/opennebula.pem)

.

TASK [frontend : copy opennebula ssl private key to server] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/private/opennebula.key)

changed: [testmachine2] => (item=/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/roles/frontend/templates/private/opennebula.key)

.

TASK [frontend : Enable SSL virtual host for openebula] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : enable opennebula virtualhost] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Restart service httpd, in all cases] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Enable service httpd and ensure it is not masked] *******************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : get service facts] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Check to see if httpd is running] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “ansible_facts.services[\”apache2.service\”]”: {

        “name”: “apache2.service”,

        “source”: “systemd”,

        “state”: “running”,

        “status”: “enabled”

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “ansible_facts.services[\”apache2.service\”]”: {

        “name”: “apache2.service”,

        “source”: “systemd”,

        “state”: “running”,

        “status”: “enabled”

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : start opennebula] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “openebula.state”: “started”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “openebula.state”: “started”

}

.

TASK [frontend : start opennebulagate] **********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “gate.state”: “started”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “gate.state”: “started”

}

.

TASK [frontend : start opennebulaflow] **********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “flow.state”: “started”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “flow.state”: “started”

}

.

TASK [frontend : start opennebulanovc] **********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “novnc.state”: “started”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “novnc.state”: “started”

}

.

TASK [frontend : start systemdtimesyncd] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “timesyncd.state”: “started”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “timesyncd.state”: “started”

}

.

TASK [frontend : Check if server is listed under frontend_HA] ************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : Stopping OpenNebula on frontend_server_primary] *********************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “stop, group_names”: “({‘changed’: True, ‘stdout’: ”, ‘stderr’: ”, ‘rc’: 0, ‘cmd’: ‘systemctl stop opennebula’, ‘start’: ‘2022-04-06 03:19:42.714817’, ‘end’: ‘2022-04-06 03:19:48.841833’, ‘delta’: ‘0:00:06.127016’, ‘msg’: ”, ‘stdout_lines’: [], ‘stderr_lines’: [], ‘failed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_server_primary’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “stop, group_names”: “({‘changed’: True, ‘stdout’: ”, ‘stderr’: ”, ‘rc’: 0, ‘cmd’: ‘systemctl stop opennebula’, ‘start’: ‘2022-04-06 03:19:42.761875’, ‘end’: ‘2022-04-06 03:21:14.632276’, ‘delta’: ‘0:01:31.870401’, ‘msg’: ”, ‘stdout_lines’: [], ‘stderr_lines’: [], ‘failed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_HA’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

.

TASK [frontend : delete sqlfile if it exists to create a current one.] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : make backup of OpenNebula database] *********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “backup”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “onedb backup -u admin -p admin -d opennebula /var/lib/one/opennebula.sql”,

        “delta”: “0:00:00.406599”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:21:16.346013”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:21:15.939414”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “MySQL dump stored in /var/lib/one/opennebula.sql\nUse ‘onedb restore’ or restore the DB using the mysql command:\nmysql -u user -h server -P port db_name < backup_file”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “MySQL dump stored in /var/lib/one/opennebula.sql”,

            “Use ‘onedb restore’ or restore the DB using the mysql command:”,

            “mysql -u user -h server -P port db_name < backup_file”

        ]

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “backup”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : Fetch the OpenNebula sql dumpfile from frontend_server_primary] *****************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1 -> testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “fetch, group_names”: “({‘changed’: True, ‘md5sum’: ‘a54c58c27e96d29cb99a26a595263164’, ‘dest’: ‘/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/buffer/tmp/opennebula.sql’, ‘remote_md5sum’: None, ‘checksum’: ‘040e9ae687df46fc26a64f038992bd28e1d7e369’, ‘remote_checksum’: ‘040e9ae687df46fc26a64f038992bd28e1d7e369’, ‘failed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_server_primary’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “fetch, group_names”: “({‘changed’: False, ‘skipped’: True, ‘skip_reason’: ‘Conditional result was False’}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_HA’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

.

TASK [frontend : Copy the ONsqldump file from master to the secondary HA nodes] *****************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “sqlcopy”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “sqlcopy”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “checksum”: “040e9ae687df46fc26a64f038992bd28e1d7e369”,

        “dest”: “/tmp/opennebula.sql”,

        “diff”: [],

        “failed”: false,

        “gid”: 0,

        “group”: “root”,

        “md5sum”: “a54c58c27e96d29cb99a26a595263164”,

        “mode”: “0644”,

        “owner”: “root”,

        “size”: 41546,

        “src”: “/home/brucewayne/.ansible/tmp/ansible-tmp-1649211677.4405959-9803-36565910128620/source”,

        “state”: “file”,

        “uid”: 0

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : Fetch the fence_host.sh] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

ok: [testmachine1 -> testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “fence_host, group_names”: “({‘changed’: False, ‘md5sum’: ‘7bb73d0d0ffce907562d75f6cd779fdc’, ‘file’: ‘/var/lib/one/remotes/hooks/ft/fence_host.sh’, ‘dest’: ‘/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/buffer/tmp/fence_host.sh’, ‘checksum’: ‘ef5e59d9a3d6d7a55d554928057bf85f5dea5f1f’, ‘failed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_server_primary’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “fence_host, group_names”: “({‘changed’: False, ‘skipped’: True, ‘skip_reason’: ‘Conditional result was False’}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_HA’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

.

TASK [frontend : Copy the fence.sh to frontend_HA hosts] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

ok: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “fence_host”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “fence_host”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “checksum”: “ef5e59d9a3d6d7a55d554928057bf85f5dea5f1f”,

        “dest”: “/var/lib/one/remotes/hooks/ft/fence_host.sh”,

        “diff”: {

            “after”: {

                “path”: “/var/lib/one/remotes/hooks/ft/fence_host.sh”

            },

            “before”: {

                “path”: “/var/lib/one/remotes/hooks/ft/fence_host.sh”

            }

        },

        “failed”: false,

        “gid”: 9869,

        “group”: “admin”,

        “mode”: “0750”,

        “owner”: “admin”,

        “path”: “/var/lib/one/remotes/hooks/ft/fence_host.sh”,

        “size”: 4370,

        “state”: “file”,

        “uid”: 9869

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : Create tar of /etc/one/] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “tar”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “cd /etc/one;tar -cvf /etc/one/one.tar *”,

        “delta”: “0:00:00.016645”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:21:20.659494”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:21:20.642849”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “auth/\nauth/certificates/\nauth/x509_auth.conf\nauth/server_x509_auth.conf\nauth/ldap_auth.conf\naz_driver.conf\naz_driver.default\ncli/\ncli/onevmgroup.yaml\ncli/onevnet.yaml\ncli/oneshowback.yaml\ncli/onehook.yaml\ncli/onetemplate.yaml\ncli/onemarketapp.yaml\ncli/onesecgroup.yaml\ncli/oneacct.yaml\ncli/oneacl.yaml\ncli/onemarket.yaml\ncli/onegroup.yaml\ncli/onevm.yaml\ncli/oneflowtemplate.yaml\ncli/onevrouter.yaml\ncli/onezone.yaml\ncli/oneimage.yaml\ncli/onecluster.yaml\ncli/oneuser.yaml\ncli/onevntemplate.yaml\ncli/onevdc.yaml\ncli/onehost.yaml\ncli/onedatastore.yaml\ncli/oneflow.yaml\ndefaultrc\nec2_driver.conf\nec2_driver.default\nfireedge/\nfireedge/provision/\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_virtual.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/digitalocean.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_metal.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/equinix.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/google.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/aws.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/dummy.yaml\nfireedge/provision/provision-server.conf\nfireedge/sunstone/\nfireedge/sunstone/user/\nfireedge/sunstone/user/vm-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/user/vm-template-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/sunstone-server.conf\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/cluster-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-template-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/host-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/sunstone-views.yaml\nfireedge-server.conf\nhm/\nhm/hmrc\nmonitord.conf\noned.conf\noneflow-server.conf\nonegate-server.conf\nonehem-server.conf\nsched.conf\nsunstone-logos.yaml\nsunstone-server.conf\nsunstone-views/\nsunstone-views/vcenter/\nsunstone-views/vcenter/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/\nsunstone-views/mixed/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/\nsunstone-views/kvm/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views.yaml\ntmrc\nvcenter_driver.default\nvmm_exec/\nvmm_exec/vmm_execrc\nvmm_exec/vmm_exec_kvm.conf”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “auth/”,

            “auth/certificates/”,

            “auth/x509_auth.conf”,

            “auth/server_x509_auth.conf”,

            “auth/ldap_auth.conf”,

            “az_driver.conf”,

            “az_driver.default”,

            “cli/”,

            “cli/onevmgroup.yaml”,

            “cli/onevnet.yaml”,

            “cli/oneshowback.yaml”,

            “cli/onehook.yaml”,

            “cli/onetemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onemarketapp.yaml”,

            “cli/onesecgroup.yaml”,

            “cli/oneacct.yaml”,

            “cli/oneacl.yaml”,

            “cli/onemarket.yaml”,

            “cli/onegroup.yaml”,

            “cli/onevm.yaml”,

            “cli/oneflowtemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onevrouter.yaml”,

            “cli/onezone.yaml”,

            “cli/oneimage.yaml”,

            “cli/onecluster.yaml”,

            “cli/oneuser.yaml”,

            “cli/onevntemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onevdc.yaml”,

            “cli/onehost.yaml”,

            “cli/onedatastore.yaml”,

            “cli/oneflow.yaml”,

            “defaultrc”,

            “ec2_driver.conf”,

            “ec2_driver.default”,

            “fireedge/”,

            “fireedge/provision/”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_virtual.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/digitalocean.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_metal.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/equinix.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/google.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/aws.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/dummy.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/provision-server.conf”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/vm-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/vm-template-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/sunstone-server.conf”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/cluster-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-template-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/host-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/sunstone-views.yaml”,

            “fireedge-server.conf”,

            “hm/”,

            “hm/hmrc”,

            “monitord.conf”,

            “oned.conf”,

            “oneflow-server.conf”,

            “onegate-server.conf”,

            “onehem-server.conf”,

            “sched.conf”,

            “sunstone-logos.yaml”,

            “sunstone-server.conf”,

            “sunstone-views/”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views.yaml”,

            “tmrc”,

            “vcenter_driver.default”,

            “vmm_exec/”,

            “vmm_exec/vmm_execrc”,

            “vmm_exec/vmm_exec_kvm.conf”

        ]

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “tar”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : Fetch the one.tar] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1 -> testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “fence_host, group_names”: “({‘changed’: True, ‘md5sum’: ‘acec4258dbbf2bde83d12f3eb29824a7’, ‘dest’: ‘/home/brucewayne/ansible/opennebula-frontend/buffer/tmp/one.tar’, ‘remote_md5sum’: None, ‘checksum’: ‘2da21a3124f4eb5a78c0126e9791c8d8c9c5c770’, ‘remote_checksum’: ‘2da21a3124f4eb5a78c0126e9791c8d8c9c5c770’, ‘failed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_server_primary’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “fence_host, group_names”: “({‘changed’: False, ‘skipped’: True, ‘skip_reason’: ‘Conditional result was False’}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_HA’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

.

TASK [frontend : Copy the one.tar to frontend_HA hosts] ******************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “fence_host”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “fence_host”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “checksum”: “2da21a3124f4eb5a78c0126e9791c8d8c9c5c770”,

        “dest”: “/etc/one/one.tar”,

        “diff”: [],

        “failed”: false,

        “gid”: 0,

        “group”: “root”,

        “md5sum”: “acec4258dbbf2bde83d12f3eb29824a7”,

        “mode”: “0644”,

        “owner”: “root”,

        “size”: 542720,

        “src”: “/home/brucewayne/.ansible/tmp/ansible-tmp-1649211681.6244745-9943-99432484341658/source”,

        “state”: “file”,

        “uid”: 0

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : untar one.tar in /etc/one on the frontend_HA hosts] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “untar”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “untar”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “cd /etc/one;tar -xvf /etc/one/one.tar”,

        “delta”: “0:00:00.018409”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:21:23.162427”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:21:23.144018”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “auth/\nauth/certificates/\nauth/x509_auth.conf\nauth/server_x509_auth.conf\nauth/ldap_auth.conf\naz_driver.conf\naz_driver.default\ncli/\ncli/onevmgroup.yaml\ncli/onevnet.yaml\ncli/oneshowback.yaml\ncli/onehook.yaml\ncli/onetemplate.yaml\ncli/onemarketapp.yaml\ncli/onesecgroup.yaml\ncli/oneacct.yaml\ncli/oneacl.yaml\ncli/onemarket.yaml\ncli/onegroup.yaml\ncli/onevm.yaml\ncli/oneflowtemplate.yaml\ncli/onevrouter.yaml\ncli/onezone.yaml\ncli/oneimage.yaml\ncli/onecluster.yaml\ncli/oneuser.yaml\ncli/onevntemplate.yaml\ncli/onevdc.yaml\ncli/onehost.yaml\ncli/onedatastore.yaml\ncli/oneflow.yaml\ndefaultrc\nec2_driver.conf\nec2_driver.default\nfireedge/\nfireedge/provision/\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_virtual.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/digitalocean.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_metal.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/equinix.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/google.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/aws.yaml\nfireedge/provision/providers.d/dummy.yaml\nfireedge/provision/provision-server.conf\nfireedge/sunstone/\nfireedge/sunstone/user/\nfireedge/sunstone/user/vm-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/user/vm-template-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/sunstone-server.conf\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/cluster-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-template-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/admin/host-tab.yaml\nfireedge/sunstone/sunstone-views.yaml\nfireedge-server.conf\nhm/\nhm/hmrc\nmonitord.conf\noned.conf\noneflow-server.conf\nonegate-server.conf\nonehem-server.conf\nsched.conf\nsunstone-logos.yaml\nsunstone-server.conf\nsunstone-views/\nsunstone-views/vcenter/\nsunstone-views/vcenter/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/vcenter/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/\nsunstone-views/mixed/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/mixed/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/\nsunstone-views/kvm/admin.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/user.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/groupadmin.yaml\nsunstone-views/kvm/cloud.yaml\nsunstone-views.yaml\ntmrc\nvcenter_driver.default\nvmm_exec/\nvmm_exec/vmm_execrc\nvmm_exec/vmm_exec_kvm.conf”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “auth/”,

            “auth/certificates/”,

            “auth/x509_auth.conf”,

            “auth/server_x509_auth.conf”,

            “auth/ldap_auth.conf”,

            “az_driver.conf”,

            “az_driver.default”,

            “cli/”,

            “cli/onevmgroup.yaml”,

            “cli/onevnet.yaml”,

            “cli/oneshowback.yaml”,

            “cli/onehook.yaml”,

            “cli/onetemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onemarketapp.yaml”,

            “cli/onesecgroup.yaml”,

            “cli/oneacct.yaml”,

            “cli/oneacl.yaml”,

            “cli/onemarket.yaml”,

            “cli/onegroup.yaml”,

            “cli/onevm.yaml”,

            “cli/oneflowtemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onevrouter.yaml”,

            “cli/onezone.yaml”,

            “cli/oneimage.yaml”,

            “cli/onecluster.yaml”,

            “cli/oneuser.yaml”,

            “cli/onevntemplate.yaml”,

            “cli/onevdc.yaml”,

            “cli/onehost.yaml”,

            “cli/onedatastore.yaml”,

            “cli/oneflow.yaml”,

            “defaultrc”,

            “ec2_driver.conf”,

            “ec2_driver.default”,

            “fireedge/”,

            “fireedge/provision/”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_virtual.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/digitalocean.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/vultr_metal.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/equinix.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/google.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/aws.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/providers.d/dummy.yaml”,

            “fireedge/provision/provision-server.conf”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/vm-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/user/vm-template-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/sunstone-server.conf”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/cluster-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/vm-template-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/admin/host-tab.yaml”,

            “fireedge/sunstone/sunstone-views.yaml”,

            “fireedge-server.conf”,

            “hm/”,

            “hm/hmrc”,

            “monitord.conf”,

            “oned.conf”,

            “oneflow-server.conf”,

            “onegate-server.conf”,

            “onehem-server.conf”,

            “sched.conf”,

            “sunstone-logos.yaml”,

            “sunstone-server.conf”,

            “sunstone-views/”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/vcenter/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/mixed/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/admin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/user.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/groupadmin.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views/kvm/cloud.yaml”,

            “sunstone-views.yaml”,

            “tmrc”,

            “vcenter_driver.default”,

            “vmm_exec/”,

            “vmm_exec/vmm_execrc”,

            “vmm_exec/vmm_exec_kvm.conf”

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [frontend : updates the rafthook and federation configurations for fronteend_HA secondary servers] ******************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : start OpenNebula] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2]

changed: [testmachine1]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “group_names”: [

        “apache_servers”,

        “frontend_server_primary”,

        “mysql_servers”

    ]

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “group_names”: [

        “apache_servers”,

        “frontend_HA”,

        “mysql_servers”

    ]

}

.

TASK [frontend : finding frontend_HA list] *******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1] => (item=apache_servers)

skipping: [testmachine1] => (item=frontend_server_primary)

skipping: [testmachine1] => (item=mysql_servers)

skipping: [testmachine2] => (item=apache_servers)

ok: [testmachine2] => (item=frontend_HA)

skipping: [testmachine2] => (item=mysql_servers)

.

TASK [frontend : Add Secondary Node frontends to the zone] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine2] => (item=testmachine2)

changed: [testmachine1] => (item=testmachine2)

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “addzone, group_names”: “({‘results’: [{‘changed’: True, ‘stdout’: ”, ‘stderr’: ”, ‘rc’: 0, ‘cmd’: ‘onezone server-add 0 –name testmachine2 –rpc http://192.168.86.65:2633/RPC2’, ‘start’: ‘2022-04-06 03:21:33.920788’, ‘end’: ‘2022-04-06 03:21:34.174098’, ‘delta’: ‘0:00:00.253310’, ‘msg’: ”, ‘invocation’: {‘module_args’: {‘_raw_params’: ‘onezone server-add 0 –name testmachine2 –rpc http://192.168.86.65:2633/RPC2’, ‘_uses_shell’: True, ‘warn’: False, ‘stdin_add_newline’: True, ‘strip_empty_ends’: True, ‘argv’: None, ‘chdir’: None, ‘executable’: None, ‘creates’: None, ‘removes’: None, ‘stdin’: None}}, ‘stdout_lines’: [], ‘stderr_lines’: [], ‘failed’: False, ‘item’: ‘testmachine2’, ‘ansible_loop_var’: ‘item’}], ‘skipped’: False, ‘changed’: True, ‘msg’: ‘All items completed’}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_server_primary’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “addzone, group_names”: “({‘results’: [{‘changed’: False, ‘skipped’: True, ‘skip_reason’: ‘Conditional result was False’, ‘item’: ‘testmachine2’, ‘ansible_loop_var’: ‘item’}], ‘skipped’: True, ‘msg’: ‘All items skipped’, ‘changed’: False}, [‘apache_servers’, ‘frontend_HA’, ‘mysql_servers’])”

}

.

TASK [frontend : Restore database to secondary nodes] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************

skipping: [testmachine1]

changed: [testmachine2]

.

TASK [frontend : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [testmachine1] => {

    “restoredb”: {

        “changed”: false,

        “skip_reason”: “Conditional result was False”,

        “skipped”: true

    }

}

ok: [testmachine2] => {

    “restoredb”: {

        “changed”: true,

        “cmd”: “onedb restore -f -S localhost -u admin -p admin -d opennebula /tmp/opennebula.sql”,

        “delta”: “0:00:00.988908”,

        “end”: “2022-04-06 03:21:35.749776”,

        “failed”: false,

        “msg”: “”,

        “rc”: 0,

        “start”: “2022-04-06 03:21:34.760868”,

        “stderr”: “”,

        “stderr_lines”: [],

        “stdout”: “MySQL DB opennebula at localhost restored.”,

        “stdout_lines”: [

            “MySQL DB opennebula at localhost restored.”

        ]

    }

}

.

PLAY RECAP ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

testmachine1               : ok=70   changed=38   unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=8    rescued=0    ignored=0   

testmachine2               : ok=71   changed=37   unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=7    rescued=0    ignored=0   

.

.

How to deploy windows firewall rules with Ansible

 This role enable the windows firewall for all 3 profiles (Domain, Private, Public)
 You can deploy rules via profile or globally using defaults, group_vars and host_vars
 You also can set outbound rules for windows programs

How to use this role:

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
2.Now you want edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

b.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
i.devops.nicktailor.win ansible_host=192.168.90.10

Note: If there is no group simply list the server outside grouping, the –limit flag will pick it

up.

3.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Note: If you do not create a group_var/groupfile or host_var/server file. Then the default/main.yml rules are implemented by this role, you can update this file to have whichever defaults you like and they can be overridden at the group_var and host_var level, should you need to.

Descriptions:

c.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
d.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
e.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

4.Move inside host_var
f.cd host_var
g.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

.

5.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

h.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
i.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
j.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

6.Move inside host_var
k.cd host_var
l.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

Okay now here is where VSC is handy. You want to connect your visual studio code to the management server under your user. I have provided a link which shows you how to setup your keys and get VSC working with it.

.

Note: You don’t have to use VSC you can use good old nano or vim, but it’s a pain. Up to you.

.

defaults/main.yml – this file is the default rules it will apply if you do not add any other rules currently

# defaults file for windows_firewall

win_fw_prefix: “Ansible-Created-Rule”

.

win_fw_ports_allow_in:

  – localport: 53,

    profile: public

.

  – localport: 123,

    profile: public

.

win_fw_web_ports:

  – localport: 80,

    profile: public

.

  – localport: 443,

    profile: public

.

  – localport: 8080,

    profile: public

    

win_fw_program_allowed_web_out_public:

  – ‘microsoftupdate.exe’

..

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called nickfirewall.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the windows-firewall role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/ nickfirewall.yml

hosts: all

  gather_facts: yes

  any_errors_fatal: true

  roles:

    – role: ansible-windows-firewall

.

Command:

ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts nickfirewall.yml limit=’devops.nicktailor.win

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

Successful example run of the book:

.

[aflred@batcave.ansible]$ ansible-playbook –i hosts/dev nickfirewall.yml –limit=’devops.nicktailor.win

.

PLAY [all] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [Gathering Facts] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [windows_firewall : Enable firewall for Domain, Public and Private profiles] ****************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [windows_firewall : Firewall | WebServer System Any Profile] ********************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘IGMP messages are sent and received by nodes to create, join and depart multicast groups.’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘Any’, ‘name’: ‘CoreNet-IGMP-In’, ‘protocol’: ‘2’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘IGMP messages are sent and received by nodes to create, join and depart multicast groups.’, ‘direction’: ‘out’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘Any’, ‘name’: ‘CoreNet-IGMP-Out’, ‘protocol’: ‘2’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘Inbound rule required to permit IPv6 traffic for ISATAP (Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol) and 6to4 tunneling services.’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘Any’, ‘name’: ‘CoreNet-IPv6-In’, ‘protocol’: ’41’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘Outbound rule required to permit IPv6 traffic for ISATAP (Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol) and 6to4 tunneling services.’, ‘direction’: ‘out’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘Any’, ‘name’: ‘CoreNet-IPv6-Out’, ‘protocol’: ’41’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘An inbound rule to allow HTTPS traffic for Internet Information Services (IIS) [TCP 443]’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘443’, ‘name’: ‘IIS-WebServerRole-HTTPS-In-TCP’, ‘protocol’: ‘TCP’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘Inbound rule to allow SMB traffic to manage the File Services role.’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ‘445’, ‘name’: FileServerServerManager-SMB-TCP-In’, ‘protocol’: ‘TCP’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘An inbound rule to allow HTTP traffic for Internet Information Services (IIS) [TCP 80]’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: ’80’, ‘name’: ‘IIS-WebServerRole-HTTP-In-TCP’, ‘protocol’: ‘TCP’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘description’: ‘Inbound TCP rule to allow IPHTTPS tunneling technology to provide connectivity across HTTP proxies and firewalls.’, ‘direction’: ‘in’, icmp_type_code: ‘Any’, localport: IPHTTPSIn, ‘name’: ‘CoreNet-IPHTTPS-In’, ‘protocol’: ‘TCP’, remoteip: ‘Any’})

.

TASK [windows_firewall : Firewall | allow incoming ports] ****************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={localport: 53, ‘profile’: ‘public’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={localport: 123, ‘profile’: ‘public’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={localport: 80, ‘profile’: ‘public’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={localport: 443, ‘profile’: ‘public’})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={localport: 8080, ‘profile’: ‘public’})

.

TASK [windows_firewall : Firewall | allow outgoing program] **************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item=microsoftupdate.exe)

.

PLAY RECAP ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

devops.nicktailor.win       : ok=5    changed=0    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

.

.

.

.

.

How to deploy windows shares with Ansible

 This will role will setup a network share on windows
 It will also update the user permission on the folder
 You can also adjust the folder missions

How to use this role:

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
a.git clone git@github.com:Perfect10NickTailor/ansible-windows-shares.git

.

2.Now you want edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

b.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
devops.nicktailor.win ansible_host=192.168.90.10

Note: If there is no group simply list the server outside grouping, the –limit flag will pick it

up.

3.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

c.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
d.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
e.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

4.Move inside host_var
f.cd host_var
g.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

.

5.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

h.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
i.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
j.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

6.Move inside host_var
k.cd host_var
l.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

Okay now here is where VSC is handy. You want to connect your visual studio code to the management server under your user. I have provided a link which shows you how to setup your keys and get VSC working with it.

.

Note: You don’t have to use VSC you can use good old nano or vim, but it’s a pain. Up to you.

.

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called nickcreateshare.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the ansible-role-win-iis role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/ nickcreateshare.yml

hosts: all

  gather_facts: yes

  any_errors_fatal: true

  roles:

    – role: ansible-windows-share

.

Command:

ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts nickcreateshare.yml limit=’devops.nicktailor.win

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

Successful example run of the book:

.

[BruceWayne@batcave.ansible ~]$ ansible-playbook –i inventory/hosts nickcreateshare.yml –limit=devops.nicktailor.win

.

PLAY [all] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [Gathering Facts] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [create-windows-share : Create share path] **************************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={share_name: ‘test3’, description_share: ‘default share for testing’, share_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3′, ‘change’: ansibleuser, ‘list’: True, ‘allowed_users: ansibleuser, user_permissions: ansibleuser})

.

TASK [create-windows-share : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => {

    “path”: {

        “changed”: true,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: true,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    allowed_users: ansibleuser,

                    “change”: ansibleuser,

                    description_share: “default share for testing”,

                    “list”: true,

                    share_name: “test3”,

                    share_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3″,

                    user_permissions: ansibleuser

                }

            }

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [create-windows-share : Add public company share] *******************************************************************************************************************************

changed: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={share_name: ‘test3’, description_share: ‘default share for testing’, share_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3′, ‘change’: ansibleuser, ‘list’: True, ‘allowed_users: ansibleuser, user_permissions: ansibleuser})

.

TASK [create-windows-share : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => {

    “share”: {

        “changed”: true,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                “actions”: [

                    “New-SmbShare -Name test3 -Path C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3″,

                    “Set-SmbShare -Force -Name test3 -Description default share for testing”,

                    “Revoke-SmbShareAccess -Force -Name test3 –AccountName Everyone”,

                    “Grant-SmbShareAccess -Force -Name test3 –AccountName DEVOPS01\\ansibleuserAccessRight Full”

                ],

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: true,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    allowed_users: ansibleuser,

                    “change”: ansibleuser,

                    description_share: “default share for testing”,

                    “list”: true,

                    share_name: “test3”,

                    share_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3″,

                    user_permissions: ansibleuser

                }

            }

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [create-windows-share : Give full control on share folder] **********************************************************************************************************************

changed: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={share_name: ‘test3’, description_share: ‘default share for testing’, share_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3′, ‘change’: ansibleuser, ‘list’: True, ‘allowed_users: ansibleuser, user_permissions: ansibleuser})

.

TASK [create-windows-share : debug] **************************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => {

    “permission”: {

        “changed”: true,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: true,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    allowed_users: ansibleuser,

                    “change”: ansibleuser,

                    description_share: “default share for testing”,

                    “list”: true,

                    share_name: “test3”,

                    share_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot3″,

                    user_permissions: ansibleuser

                }

            }

        ]

    }

}

.

PLAY RECAP ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

devops.nicktailor.win       : ok=7    changed=3    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0   

.

.

.

.

How to deploy multiple sites in IIS with Ansible

This was fun and interesting little project. Looks like nobody ever really got it working properly, so I decided to do it.

 This role will install IIS if its not already installed
      It will also configure all the user permissions needed for IIS
 It will configure a default application pool
 This role will allow you to call the ansible role once and create multiple sites in IIS and attach the sites to the default application pool
 It will also configure the bindings
You can also remove, start, and stop sites

You can also upload your own custom web.config

Additions that are not in any public repo online currently. If you require these additions for your organisation, you may hire or pay for the additions:
  • Ability to create multiple application pools per site.
  • Set application pool identities
  • Update IIS site paths to use a NAS location vs physical paths only

Note: You will likely have to add the firewall rules depending on how your network setup. I have written a windows playbook to handle the firewall stuff, but that will be in another post. You will also need to ensure winrm is configured properly on the windows machine for ansible to talk to it.

Ansible Operational Documentation:

1.You must first download the git repository into your roles directory usually ansible/role/
2.Now you want to edit the hosts.client file name file or create it if it doesn’t exist under your “ansible/inventory/dev:staging:prod” directory. This is a good way to separate environments with ansible, inside each environment you should have a hosts.file like indicated below.

Example file: hosts.dev, hosts.staging, hosts.prod

b.Put your server under the appropriate group inside the file and save
i.devops.nicktailor.win ansible_host=192.168.90.10

Note: If there is no group simply list the server outside grouping, the –limit flag will pick it

up.

3.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

c.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
d.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
e.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

4.Move inside host_var
f.cd host_var
g.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

.

5.Now inside this directory you should see hosts & host_vars, group_vars

Descriptions:

h.Hosts. – is where you will list your servers under specific groups which tell the playbook (what the server is, if it the server should have a specific task run on it, and how to find it)
i.Host_vars – Inside this directory is where you list the server by name which is you will list under hosts. Inside these files you pass variable parameters to the specific roles when running your playbook. Without these the playbook cant do the tasks you want it to.
j.Group_varsAre how a way to group variables for sets of servers and this keeps code cleaners and easier to manage.

Operational Use:

6.Move inside host_var
k.cd host_var
l.create a file called {{ servername }} and save it for us its devops.nicktailor.win

Okay now here is where VSC is handy. You want to connect your visual studio code to the management server under your user. 

.

Note: You don’t have to use VSC you can use good old nano or vim, but it’s a pain. Up to you.

.

Example files:

ansible/inventory/dev/host_vars/devops.nicktailor.win

Example Yaml Block :

.

domains:

  – name: “First website”

    host_header:

    ip: ‘*’

    iis_binding_port: ‘8082’

    protocol: ‘http’

    state: ‘absent’

    certificate_hash:

    certificate_store_name: ‘My’

    iis_site_name: ‘Default Web Site’

    iis_site_path: ‘C:\inetpub\wwwroot1′

    iis_acl_path:  ‘C:\inetpub\wwwroot1′

    iis_site_state: absent

    iis_site_port: ’80’

    iis_site_id:

    iis_site_ip: ‘*’

    iis_site_ssl: false

    iis_site_hostname: ‘*’

    iis_site_parameters:

    iis_site_state_start: stopped

    iis_site_web_config:

    iis_site_web_config_force: true

.

  – name: “Second website”

    host_header:

    ip: ‘*’

    iis_binding_port: ‘8081’

    protocol: ‘http’

    state: ‘present’

    certificate_hash:

    certificate_store_name: ‘My’

    iis_site_name: ‘site2’

    iis_acl_path: ‘C:\inetpub\wwwroot2′

    iis_site_path: ‘C:\inetpub\wwwroot2′

    iis_site_state: present

    iis_site_port: ’80’

    iis_site_id:

    iis_site_ip: ‘*’

    iis_site_ssl: false

    iis_site_hostname: ‘*’

    iis_site_parameters:

    iis_site_state_start: started

    iis_site_web_config:

    iis_site_web_config_force: true

.

Running your playbook:

1.You must run your play book from inside parent directory always “ansible
2.Now there is a playbook called nickwiniis.yml in the ansible directory which simply calls the ansible-role-win-iis role inside the roles directory.

Example: of ansible/nickwiniis.yml

hosts: all

  gather_facts: yes

  any_errors_fatal: true

  roles:

    – role: ansible-role-win-iis

.

Command:

ansible-playbook –i inventory/dev/hosts nickwiniis.yml -u nick –Kkb –limit=’devops.nicktailor.win

 -i : This flag tells ansibe-playbook command which hosts file to use, these are always defined by environment like hosts.dev or hosts.staging
 -u : this is the ssh_user you will be connecting to the servers with
 -Kkb : this tells ansible that you will be using sudo su – for the ssh_user when running all role/tasks
 -ask-beocme : is saying become root
 -limit=’server’ : this allows you to segement which server you want to run the playbook against.

.

Successful example run of the book:

.

[ntailor@ansible.nicktailor.com]$ ansibleplaybooki hosts/dev nickwiniis.ymllimit=devops.nicktailor.win

.

PLAY [all] *****************************************************************************************************************************************************

.

TASK [Gathering Facts] *****************************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : ensure iis is installed] **********************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : configure app pool] ***************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win]

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : ensure path for site exists] ******************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘name’: ‘First website’, host_header: , ip: ‘*’, iis_binding_port: ‘8082’, ‘protocol’: ‘http’, ‘state’: ‘absent’, certificate_hash: , certificate_store_name: ‘My’, iis_site_name: ‘Default Web Site’, iis_site_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1′, iis_acl_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1′, iis_site_state: ‘absent’, iis_site_port: ’80’, iis_site_id: , iis_site_ip: ‘*’, iis_site_ssl: False, iis_site_hostname: ‘*’, iis_site_parameters: , iis_site_state_start: ‘stopped’, iis_site_web_config: , iis_site_web_config_force: True})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘name’: ‘Second website’, host_header: , ip: ‘*’, iis_binding_port: ‘8081’, ‘protocol’: ‘http’, ‘state’: ‘present’, certificate_hash: , certificate_store_name: ‘My’, iis_site_name: ‘site2’, iis_acl_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2′, iis_site_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2′, iis_site_state: ‘present’, iis_site_port: ’80’, iis_site_id: , iis_site_ip: ‘*’, iis_site_ssl: False, iis_site_hostname: ‘*’, iis_site_parameters: , iis_site_state_start: ‘started’, iis_site_web_config: , iis_site_web_config_force: True})

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : debug] ****************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => {

    “path”: {

        “changed”: false,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: false,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    certificate_hash: “”,

                    certificate_store_name: “My”,

                    host_header: “”,

                    iis_acl_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1″,

                    iis_binding_port: “8082”,

                    iis_site_hostname: “*”,

                    iis_site_id: “”,

                    iis_site_ip: “*”,

                    iis_site_name: “Default Web Site”,

                    iis_site_parameters: “”,

                    iis_site_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1″,

                    iis_site_port: “80”,

                    iis_site_ssl: false,

                    iis_site_state: “absent”,

                    iis_site_state_start: “stopped”,

                    iis_site_web_config: “”,

                    iis_site_web_config_force: true,

                    ip: “*”,

                    “name”: “First website”,

                    “protocol”: “http”,

                    “state”: “absent”

                }

            },

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: false,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    certificate_hash: “”,

                    certificate_store_name: “My”,

                    host_header: “”,

                    iis_acl_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2″,

                    iis_binding_port: “8081”,

                    iis_site_hostname: “*”,

                    iis_site_id: “”,

                    iis_site_ip: “*”,

                    iis_site_name: “site2”,

                    iis_site_parameters: “”,

                    iis_site_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2″,

                    iis_site_port: “80”,

                    iis_site_ssl: false,

                    iis_site_state: “present”,

                    iis_site_state_start: “started”,

                    iis_site_web_config: “”,

                    iis_site_web_config_force: true,

                    ip: “*”,

                    “name”: “Second website”,

                    “protocol”: “http”,

                    “state”: “present”

                }

            }

        ]

    }

}

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : allow iis group access to site path] **********************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘name’: ‘First website’, host_header: , ip: ‘*’, iis_binding_port: ‘8082’, ‘protocol’: ‘http’, ‘state’: ‘absent’, certificate_hash: , certificate_store_name: ‘My’, iis_site_name: ‘Default Web Site’, iis_site_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1′, iis_acl_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1′, iis_site_state: ‘absent’, iis_site_port: ’80’, iis_site_id: , iis_site_ip: ‘*’, iis_site_ssl: False, iis_site_hostname: ‘*’, iis_site_parameters: , iis_site_state_start: ‘stopped’, iis_site_web_config: , iis_site_web_config_force: True})

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => (item={‘name’: ‘Second website’, host_header: , ip: ‘*’, iis_binding_port: ‘8081’, ‘protocol’: ‘http’, ‘state’: ‘present’, certificate_hash: , certificate_store_name: ‘My’, iis_site_name: ‘site2’, iis_acl_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2′, iis_site_path: ‘C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot2′, iis_site_state: ‘present’, iis_site_port: ’80’, iis_site_id: , iis_site_ip: ‘*’, iis_site_ssl: False, iis_site_hostname: ‘*’, iis_site_parameters: , iis_site_state_start: ‘started’, iis_site_web_config: , iis_site_web_config_force: True})

.

TASK [ansiblerolewiniis : debug] ****************************************************************************************************************************

ok: [devops.nicktailor.win] => {

    “access”: {

        “changed”: false,

        msg: “All items completed”,

        “results”: [

            {

                ansible_loop_var: “item”,

                “changed”: false,

                “failed”: false,

                “item”: {

                    certificate_hash: “”,

                    certificate_store_name: “My”,

                    host_header: “”,

                    iis_acl_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1″,

                    iis_binding_port: “8082”,

                    iis_site_hostname: “*”,

                    iis_site_id: “”,

                    iis_site_ip: “*”,

                    iis_site_name: “Default Web Site”,

                    iis_site_parameters: “”,

                    iis_site_path: “C:\\inetpub\\wwwroot1″,

                    iis_site_port: “80”,

                    iis_site_ssl: false,

                    iis_site_state: “absent”,

                    iis_site_state_start: “stopped”,

                    iis_site_web_config: “”,

                    iis